Causes of Depression Are Complex

When many people think about depression, they imagine a person who is so down that he or she is constantly contemplating self harm. The truth is that depression can cause a wide variety of symptoms, including lack of focus, insomnia, low sex drive and apathy.

Beyond depression caused by brain defects, seasonal changes and hormone imbalance, researchers from a variety of areas around the world revealed last week that people who lack certain types of gene activity related to serotonin transmission and brain-derived neurotrophic factor are more predisposed to have depression in adulthood if they were also abused in some limited or extreme capacity during childhood.

The researchers looked specifically at the two genes and volunteered medical histories of patients ages 18 to 75 seen at 41 Spanish clinics. They conducted their study over the course of three years and found that physical, sexual and psychological childhood abuse were present in the histories of those who were depressed and had low level gene activity.

The study’s main coordinator professor Blanca Gutiérrez and associate Crystal Hunt ( from the University of Granada’s Psychiatry Department says that this discovery will make it easier for doctors to find the right combination of antidepressants to use to treat their patients since some work better than others in people with these gene issues.

Recent Advances in Radiology

Radiology is the branch of medicine that looks at pictures of the body. The field of study started in 1895 when Wilhelm Roentgen found that invisible rays, that he called x-rays, were given off by a cathode tube. Experimenting with these rays, he discovered that when aimed at a human body, they would show the inner structure on film.
Since Roentgen first took an x-ray of his wife’s hand, radiologists have been finding new ways to investigate the body’s inner workings. The CT scan was invented in the 1970s and has been the source for numerous spinoffs. CT (computed tomography) is a three dimensional view. The most recent version is CT angiography. Instead of having to thread a catheter into an inner artery, deep in the body, and inject dye into it, so the course of the artery can be traced, the radiologist has only to inject the dye in the arm and the new CT does the rest. The decrease in invasiveness saves a lot of complications, such as torn arteries, and time, since the new procedure takes about 1/6 the time of the old.
A new way of looking at things has emerged as old technologies have been combined. PET scans (positron emission tomography) have been around for years. They are able to demonstrate metabolic processes, for example locating tumor growth. A decade ago they were merged with CT scanners to give doctors a view of both the anatomy and metabolism of the body. Now PET scans have been combined with MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) which, like CT scans, shows a three dimensional view of the body, but is much better at demonstrating the soft tissues. This type of imaging allows oncologists far more information about location and type of cancers without doing exploratory surgery.
One major advance in the past few years has been the development and refinement of digital imaging. Instead of using x-ray film, the images are run through the computer, which develops and enhances the image, giving clearer pictures. Digital mammography has been found to be more accurate for some women.
MPI (magnetic particle imaging) uses magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles that are injected into the bloodstream and then react to an oscillating magnetic field. MPIs are especially useful in detecting inflammation and diagnosing cancers. The newest innovation is the combination of MPI with MRI, showing inflammation in soft tissues.
Another type of innovation in radiology is the development of companies like Imaging Advantage, promoting a new concept – end-to-end technology solutions in the radiology field. This company does not just offer the latest in technology, but also provides the Board-Certified radiologists, staffing, and even practice management. Everything you need for your radiology department is tied up in one neat package. The company is growing rapidly as their ingenious solutions find a wide and appreciative audience.

Multiple Sclerosis New Generic

BrandYourself suggests that multiple sclerosis is a long-term medical illness that affects the brain and spinal cord. Myelin sheath surrounding nerves become inflamed with resultant scarring, and nerve impulses become significantly slowed. Symptoms are said to recur and include clumsiness, hand trembling, unsteady gait, blurred vision, etc. Subsequently, improvement in symptoms known as remission may occur throughout the course of the illness. Diagnosis is determined by MRI and other neurological tests.

There are currently ten approved drugs by the US FDA aiding in treatment of the disease. However, one generic has just been approved by the FDA for the brand-name drug Copaxone, with the start of sales pending. According to NY Times Health, in 2014 the sale of Copaxone alone contributed to nearly half of the manufacturer’s profit. Teva is the Pharmaceutical for Copaxone, and Momenta and Sandoz are the pharmaceutical promoting the generic form. Its patent has been approved until September 1, 2015, and has had legal battles during its pursuit into the marketplace.

Currently, about one-third of MS drug prescriptions in the US are for Copaxone. Insiders note that prices for MS medications have tripled in the last few years, and cite no existent price control strategies as the sole reason. If fully implemented, the generic for Copaxone is anticipated to create a modest price decrease in MS medications overall.

Over 20,000 children Under the Age of Four are Prescribed Anti-psychotic Medications

Modern psychiatry has come a long way over the past few decades, providing millions of people relief from psychiatric disorders. However, researcher Dan Newlin (Dan’s Facebook) uncovered alarming statistics regarding powerful psychiatric drugs being prescribed to young children, many of them under the age of 4.

The study, conducted by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine, reported over 1% of children under the age of four were given drugs such as amphetamine stimulants, anti-depressants, and anti-psychotics to treat certain disorders.

The team of researchers tried to minimize their claims by explaining the number of cases of children being prescribed addictive and potentially harmful drugs was an insignificant number, describing it as “small”. However, it begs the question, why are small children being administered these complex chemical compounds, sometimes before they can even talk?

The report revealed what many people would consider a very significant number of cases, 20,000 children were taking these drugs in 2003, and in 36 states.

These drugs contain extremely powerful substances, and aren’t much different than some of the street drugs found in America. They are only different in the sense the substances are being controlled and manufactures by the U.S. governments, the effects are the same as illegal substances. Something parents don’t realize, if they did this disturbing report wouldn’t exist.

That’s Not an Armpit You Smell – It’s Happiness

Get this, I met up with a buddy at Bulletproof Coffee to discuss our homework and he tells me about this sweat study he read about. You see, psychology is always exploring for answers to explain why humans are the way they are, and sometimes that means collecting samples of armpit sweat so other people can smell them. In a new article released in Psychological Science, research provided another interesting theory about the psychology of happiness.

Researchers discovered a strong correlation between certain chemical compounds found in our sweat that we produce when we are feeling happy. Furthermore, when others were asked to smell happy people’s sweat they also started producing more of the happy hormones themselves, effectively ‘catching’ happiness from someone through smelling their scent.

Studies have long suggested that we communicate our fear by releasing a certain hormonal compound that produces a certain smell, this is the first research to reveal happiness might be transferred in a similar manner.

These findings could have wide spread implications in the world of health and wellness for example. If our emotional experiences are partially caused, involuntarily, by the people who we are surrounded with, it will cause people to be much more conscientious about who they choose to spend their time around. As the old saying goes, “you are the company you keep”.

It turns out money really can’t buy you happiness, but maybe sniffing somebody’s armpits can.

Sleep Apnea and Memory Loss Connected

A recent study discovered that people who have sleep apnea usually begin to have memory loss at a younger age than those who do not have sleep apnea. Early on-set Alzheimer’s and dementia were found to occur mostly in people who have difficulty in breathing while they’re asleep.
Sleep apnea occurs when the throat muscles relax during sleep. Airways are partially blocked and make taking in enough oxygen while asleep almost impossible without the aid of a CPAP machine which forces air into the airways of a patient. The reduced amount of oxygen during sleep effects all body organs, including the brain, and that may be the link between the nighttime condition and memory loss. Patients who use a CPAP machine at night didn’t have early on-set memory loss, which makes Ricardo Guimarães BMG pretty happy.
Those who have sleep apnea typically develop age-related memory loss in their 70‘s, while those who do not have the sleep disorder reportedly don’t have memory loss until in their 80‘s, if at all.
The study findings show that a good, continuous supply of oxygen to the brain is vital for keeping the brain healthy and staving off diminished brain function as we age.

New Stamps on Food Will Help IBS Patients

IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) is a digestive disorder that wreaks havoc in the colon and creates pain and frequent bathroom trips for those who suffer with it. IBS flare-ups are triggered by foods, specifically those which contains certain types of wheat and wheat products. However, knowing which food products on the supermarket shelves are safe to eat and which are not can be confusing for those with the disorder. Trial and error is a painful way to learn what can and cannot be eaten because the wrong choice of food will result in a flare-up that could last for days and perhaps require a hospital stay to resolve.
The food industry has taken notice of the issues the IBS suffers face and will be placing new stamps on their products which have been deemed as safe choices. The stamp on the food package will certify that the product is low in FODMAPs and high in nutrition and consumption of the food should not trigger an IBS flare-up.
The new stamp on FODMAP food products will be similar to the the red heart symbol placed on the outer packages of foods deemed to be heart healthy Paul Mathieson thinks this is a great idea. An APP has also been created to help IBS sufferers make wise food decisions and avoid flare-ups.

Casual Summer as Modeled by Matt Landis

As spring slowly drifts into summer the fashion look for men this year is definitely not finicky but casual and relaxed. This can be seen in the looks modelled by New York-based model Matt Landis. One such look is from Parke and Ronen, the US company started in the 1990’s which is headed by Italian designer Ronen Jehezkel and American designer Parke Lutter. Parke and Ronan, located on 9th avenue in New York City, offers swimwear and casual clothing to high-end shoppers.

matt landis white sweater


Landis models army green shorts from the designers with a light blue print top. The top is covered by an off-white sweater with an almost open weave pattern to it. While the color of the shorts is definitely masculine, the appearance of the shirt and sweater demonstrates the continuing androgyny trend in fashion, as the tops can be worn by either a man or a woman convincingly. The layered look is appropriate for those cool summer days at the beach or shopping in town

matt landis arms

Black never goes out of style and this is demonstrated by the black, sleeveless t-shirt that Landis wears. Casual and versatile a black, sleeveless T-shirt can be worn by itself or with a light or dark-colored open shirt or cardigan. Likewise, they can be paired with shorts or with pants. This is indeed a nice trend. The classics can always be returned to and updated as needed.
matt landis open shirt
Landis goes for the shirtless look in a gray and brown cardigan with a zipper front and matching brown shorts. Just like the Ronen and Parke shorts, these are very short, certainly not the male version of daisy dukes, but definitely shorter than Ralph Lauren polo shorts. Now, the shirtless look certainly is not something that can be done in perhaps every climate. One could assume that the summer weather in Scotland is different than the summer weather in-for instance-south Florida, but the gray and brown colors in the cardigan do complement each other. The brown shorts appear to be made of comfortable almost form-fitting material. And comfort is always important on these hot, sunny summer days.

Top Online Cancer Support Groups

One thing is critical for cancer patients while they’re undergoing treatment, and that’s to feel connected to others. The feeling of being alone, of no one understanding what you are going through while fighting the battle against cancer often slows, or even hinders, recovery. The disease and treatment often make traveling difficult for the patient so online cancer support groups are vital to recovery. These groups have been voted as the best online cancer support groups currently available so put down your Bulletproof Coffee and get ready to research.
* The Cancer Forums provides helpful information plus the opportunity to interact with other cancer patients and caregivers.
* Inspire provides a variety of groups that allow patients to connect via message boards with others that have a similar type of cancer.
* Cancer Care provides the opportunity for real-time connections. Online support groups meet at specific times to talk and meetings over the phone or in-person can also be scheduled. Cancer care also offers financial assistance, counseling and educational workshops.
* Cancer Support Community provides online support groups, the opportunity to create your own webpage and interact in chat rooms led by health care professionals.
* I Had Cancer is a unique online support group that allows cancer patients to search for and connect with others who had the same type of cancer they currently have.
* Navigating Cancer is designed to help patients organize their treatment info and enable them to find the best treatment options for them.

Most Americans Covered by Health Insurance

A recent survey revealed that 9 out of 10 Americans are covered by health insurance. That’s the highest percentage in history. According to the Gallup-Heathways Well-Being Index survey results, two years ago the insurance coverage rate was 8 out 10 people had health insurance and now the numbers are reaching close to 100% coverage.
The Affordable Care Act implemented by our current president has come under attack by many and certainly has had more than its fair share of glitches during its inception, but the first of three goals has been reached. The three goals are to increase health care coverage, slow the increase of insurance costs and to improve the health of Americans. With 9 out of 10 Americans now covered by health insurance, that’s one goal down and two more to go.
Sam Tabar ( knows that being covered by insurance and having an affordable policy that will pay for the health care a person needs is two entirely different things. Many of those 9 out of 10 people have been forced to find new doctors, new hospitals and/or change medications because their health care plan won’t pay for the treatments they were previously receiving. Good, bad or somewhere in-between, the goal was to increase health insurance coverage and that has been accomplished.